Functionality in Equitation: Fine Motor Skills in Your Hands

Thu, 07/09/2020 - 08:37
Training Your Horse
Turning the wrists inwards changes the function of whole arm and results in a "sticky" contact :: Photo © Silke Rottermann

Fine motor skills allow us to be precise and coordinated with our hands. Coordination in turn makes our movements fluent and helps our body awareness. For rider this skill is very useful because it allows us to feel the smallest changes in the contact and therefore enables us to communicate with the horse in a soft and precise way.

Coordination of our hands is very good because of its large representation on our brain motor cortex. We are naturally good in using hands in our daily life and for this reason it is also logical to take benefit of this ability as a rider.

Good Hands Come from a Good Seat

Proper use of the hands is only possible when the position of the rider is correct. The classical seat allows the correct use of the whole body. For a relaxed and sensitive hand, the shoulder girdle needs to function correctly, the arms rest at the rider's sides and there is the classical line from elbow to the bit in horse’s mouth. This also helps the rider to use the scapula and shoulder region correctly. The hand and the arm are an important link to the core because of fascial lines, and different structural connections in the body. Tension in one area leads to compensations elsewhere, affecting both horse and the rider. If there is a problem with the seat, there usually is something to correct in how the rider is using the hand.

The position of the wrist is very important, because even slightest tension on that area creates a lot of difference in the quality of the rein contact. The wrist is built to allow movement to different directions, but only the neutral middle position allows the wrist to let the rider sense the contact and use the hand in an optimal way.

Straight wrist with elbow resting by the riders waist gives
a relaxed arm and softer contact
The thumb needs to point upwards, otherwise the rein contact becomes “sticky” for the horse even if the rider would seem to be relatively soft with the hand. If the rider turns the wrist inwards, outwards, downwards or upwards (or to any other possible direction) it is a mistake that needs to be corrected at first place because it doesn´t allow a good rein contact.

The fingers need to remain relaxed, and the fist slightly open, with the thumb resting on the rein. The fist should not remain tightly closed, because this takes off the sensitivity and functions of the hand. Too open fingers is not good either. Some riders tend to let the reins slide between the fingers when trying to be soft, but this habit needs some practice.

The thumb that rests on the rein will help the rider to keep the optimal length of the rein, and it can easily be adjusted by using the thumb. It is also a safety issue to have the thumb on the rein, because if the horse would suddenly pull the reins because of flight reaction, the rider’s hand will close as a reflex and there is still a good grip on the reins. If the thumb is not on the rein, there is a risk that in a sudden situation the rein will glide through the hand and it gets more difficult to control the situation.

How to Get a Soft Grip

There is a difference on how the soft grip is created. If you think of holding a pencil for writing, your fingers will remain soft, the wrist is straight and you can use the hand in an optimal way. This feeling is very useful while riding and it allows the rider to communicate with the horses mouth softly, encouraging the horse to remain relaxed when needed.

Elbow/arm position, arm resting relaxed on the side
There is also a technique that is told to create a soft hand, where the rider is told to squeeze the reins for 10 seconds with a very strong grip and then letting the fist relax. After this the fingers feel to be glued together and the hand closed. This grip might help some riders to find a calm feeling in their hand, but this grip doesn’t allow the hand function properly afterwards. I wouldn’t recommend to use this grip while riding because it will block the movement of your hand. But it can be useful to try without the horse in some cases to find different strategies find a calm feeling in your hand.

To feel the difference between these grips, try this:

1. Take a pencil, and write your name or draw a horse as you would usually do it.

2. Do the same again pushing your thumb against your index finger to create a tight grip.

3. Hold the pen inside your hand and have a “proper” grip around it. The text will be totally different, and a lot of precision is lost.

by Niina Kirjorinne - Photos © Silke Rottermann

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Functionality in Equitation: No Horse is Born with a Bad Mouth
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